Positivity bounds on electromagnetic properties of media

I will talk about the constraints imposed on the electromagnetic response of general media by microcausality (commutators of local fields vanish outside the light cone) and positivity of the imaginary parts (the medium can only absorb energy from the external field). The effect of the medium is encoded in the electric and magnetic permeabilities ε(ω, k) and μ(ω, k). In the case of dielectrics, we obtain bounds on the low-energy values of the response, ε(0, 0) and μ(0, 0).

The formation and evolution of dark matter microhalos

Dark matter in the Universe can be considered as a collisionless self-gravitating fluid obeying the Vlasov-Poisson equations. In the standard picture of cosmic structure formation, the first dark matter objects to form are expected to be microhalos of roughly Earth mass and solar system size. These halos can subsequently merge to form larger dark matter halos such as that of our Galaxy. In practice, resolving dark matter dynamics relies on a N-body approach, but with the advent of exaflopic computers it now becomes possible to solve directly Vlasov dynamics in six-dimensional phase-space.

Multifield inflation (with or) without models

Since the discovery of the Higgs boson 12 years ago, terrestrial particle collider experiments have encountered a slowdown in the quest for physics beyond the Standard Model. Arguably, the upcoming decade promises a paradigm shift towards exploring high-energy physics through cosmological observations. With an abundance of data, independent datasets, and improved systematics, a new era of exploration unfolds. Theorists now strive to attain the precision level demanded by upcoming experiments.

Inflationary and Post-Inflationary Scalar Dark Matter Production

Abstract: Dark matter is one of the great mysteries of modern physics. In addition to its precise nature, its production mechanism remains unknown. In this talk I will discuss the possibility of producing scalar dark matter candidates during and after cosmic inflation. By describing the transition from an inflationary epoch to a late-time cosmology, I will describe how the dynamics of the universe can affect the production of dark matter and leave an imprint on cosmology. I will discuss the associated constraints, phenomenological consequences, and possible further developments.

Black Holes in Lorentz-Violating Gravity

I will discuss black holes in the context of Einstein–aether and khronometric gravity — two closely related alternative theories of gravity that allow violations of local Lorentz invariance. Since these theories admit faster-than-light propagation, metric horizons are generically permeable and it is not clear whether proper black holes can exist; surprisingly, in some cases they do, thanks to the appearance of a new kind of “universal” horizon. I will review past and recent results on the topic, with a particular emphasis on the difficulty of finding rotating solutions.

An eikonal approach to gravitational scattering and waveforms

The classical limit of scattering amplitudes offers a convenient strategy to calculate gravitational-wave observables for binary processes in the post-Minkowskian (PM) regime, in which the two objects are far apart and interact weakly. In this talk I will discuss how the eikonal exponentiation offers a simple and conceptually transparent framework to exploit this connection and calculate key gravitational observables from amplitudes: the deflection angle for two-body encounters, energy and angular momentum losses, as well as the emitted gravitational waveform itself.


S'abonner à RSS - Théorie