Théorie

Transport effects due to quantum anomalies

Anomalous transport phenomena emerge in systems where quantum anomalies break certain classical symmetries leading to nonconservation of associated, and otherwise classically conserved, currents. In backgrounds of magnetic or gravitational fields, as well as in rotating systems, the anomalies may generate nondissipative flows of energy and charge currents even in the presence of strong interactions. We review recent theoretical developments on the anomalous transport in systems possessing axial, axial-gravitational, and conformal anomalies.

Hamiltonian vs stability in alternative theories of gravity

When a Hamiltonian density is bounded by below, we know that
the lowest-energy state must be stable. One is often tempted
to reverse the theorem and therefore believe that an unbounded
Hamiltonian density always implies an instability. The main
purpose of this talk is to pedagogically explain why this is
erroneous. Stability is indeed a coordinate-independent property,
whereas the Hamiltonian density does depend on the choice of
coordinates. In alternative theories of gravity, like k-essence
or Horndeski theories, the correct stability criterion is

Carrollian fluids and flat holography

Various extensions of the AdS/CFT correspondence beyond the realm of asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes have been proposed. Among those, the asymptotically flat spacetimes have played a distinguished and recently revived role. With the exception of three spacetime dimensions, and despite the wide interest and the precise knowledge of the asymptotic symmetries, no concrete proposal was available.

Stochastic inflation, primordial black holes, and beyond the slow-roll approximation

I will explain how primordial black holes can form from
perturbations seeded during inflation and how their abundance can be
calculated in the framework of stochastic inflation. This formalism
incorporates quantum backreaction of the small-wavelength fluctuations
on the large distances dynamics of the Universe. If quantum
corrections are small, the probability distribution of density
fluctuations is well approximated by a Gaussian. If they are large,
the PDF has a different profile with a longer tail and leads to

Holographic collisions across a phase transition

We use holography to mimic heavy ion collisions and obtain new qualitative insights possibly relevant for QCD. Our studies are motivated by the extensive experimental efforts devoted to the search of the conjectured critical point in the QCD phase diagram. Holographically, we perform collisions in strongly-coupled gauge theories with thermal phase transitions. We find that near a second order phase transition almost all the energy of the projectiles is deposited into a long-lived, quasi-static blob of energy.

Two modified gravity theories with few degrees of freedom

In this talk, I will present two specific modifications of gravity in 
which the number of degrees of freedom is minimized. I will focus on 
their construction, showing how different methods can be used to 
accomplish the same goal: keeping a low number of degrees of freedom. 
The first theory that I will describe is the minimal theory of 
quasidilaton massive gravity, a Lorentz-breaking theory of massive 
gravity + scalar field. As a second example, I will describe a class of 
modified gravity theories that propagate only the usual two 

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