The astrophysics of black hole binaries in the era of gravitational wave astronomy

Black holes (BHs) cover a wide range of mass: from the stellar BH binaries detected with LIGO / Virgo to the massive BHs residing at the center of galaxies. Both these populations will be detectable in future by LISA at low-frequency. In this talk, I will provide a general overview of the current detections from LIGO / Virgo, describing the current state-of-the-art and I will highlight the potential of the LISA mission.

Gravitational Waves in a model of Inflationary Magnetogenesis

Gravitational waves (GW) can be used to probe various epochs in the early Universe. In this talk I will discuss about the production of Gravitational waves in a particular model of inflationary magnetogenesis. In this model, we require a low energy scale for inflation and reheating (reheating temperature, TR < 104 GeV) and have a blue spectrum of electromagnetic (EM) field which peaks around the horizon scale of reheating.

Fast Parameter Estimation for Massive Black Hole Binaries with Normalising Flows

Among the sources which the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) will observe are the signals from Massive Black Hole Binaries during their inspiral, merger and ring-down phases. To estimate physical parameters of these systems and their localisations, one has to perform some form of Bayesian Inference. The most common approach to do it is through defining a likelihood function and producing posterior samples with some form of sampling technique. The disadvantage of such sampling methods is that they are slow.

Gravitational waves from first-order phase transitions: Towards a better prediction

Over the next few decades, we will have an exciting opportunity to test gravitational waves (GWs) from the early Universe with space interferometries. In this talk, we focus on GWs from first-order phase transitions and present recent efforts to improve the prediction on the GW spectrum. We first present an efficient numerical scheme to calculate GWs from sound waves (under the assumption that the system is in the linear regime) based on 2010.00971 (with T.Konstandin and H.Rubira).

Exploring early-universe physics with stochastic gravitational-wave data

The stochastic gravitational-wave background is a superposition of many astrophysical and cosmological sources, such as unresolved compact binaries, cosmic strings, and phase transitions in the early Universe. We highlight the importance of source separation in the case of a detection. By separating the individual sources, we can reveal remnants of early-universe processes. We use the data from the third LVK observing run to explore the parameter space of first-order phase transition models. We then investigate signs of parity violation in gravitational-wave data.

Black hole perturbations in modified gravity

General relativity can be tested at many scales using various physical systems. A particularly interesting probe is the study of the ringdown phase of a binary black hole merger, during which the newly-formed black hole emits gravitational waves at given frequencies called its quasinormal modes. Such modes depend heavily on the theory of gravity underlying the solution and can thus be used to test GR and put constraints on modified gravity theories.


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