Numerical Simulations of Gravitational Waves from Early-Universe Turbulence

Theory group virtual seminar by Alberto Roper Pol on Tuesday 22nd of September at 14:00h.

Title: Numerical Simulations of Gravitational Waves from Early-Universe Turbulence

Abstract: We perform direct numerical simulations of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in the early universe and numerically compute the resulting stochastic background of gravitational waves and relic magnetic fields. We obtain realistic kinetic and magnetic energy spectra, not considered in earlier analytic models. The computed gravitational wave spectra have a new universal form at low frequencies, with more power than suggested by earlier analytical models. The efficiency of gravitational wave production varies significantly with the physical form of the turbulence. For given energy in the turbulence, we find that the gravitational wave signal is stronger for irrotational flows than for vortical ones. Our results predict the details of gravitational wave spectra generated during the radiation-dominated epoch of the universe. They may be detectable in the stochastic gravitational wave background with the planned Laser Interferometer Space Antenna. This would lead to the understanding of cosmological phase transition physics, which can have consequences on the baryon asymmetry problem and on the origin seed of observed magnetic fields coherent over very large scales at the present time. This work is based on the publications arXiv:1807.05479 and arXiv: 1903.08585. 


Tuesday, 22 September, 2020 - 14:00 to 15:00

Localisation / Location: 


Salle / Local:
  • Séminaire

Nom/Prénom // Last name/First name: 

Alberto Roper Pol



Equipe(s) organisatrice(s) / Organizing team(s): 

  • Théorie