Théorie

Scalar-vector gauge unification and quantum de Sitter geometry

We consider the massless minimally coupled scalar field in the de Sitter ambient space formalism as a gauge potential or connection field. We construct the scalar gauge theory by helping an arbitrary constant five-vector field B analogous to the standard gauge theory. The Lagrangian density of the interaction between the scalar and spinor fields is presented in this framework. The Yukawa potential can be extracted from this Lagrangian density at the null curvature limit by an appropriate choice of a constant five-vector field.

Local sources of 100 TeV neutrinos

Multi-messenger data of high energy neutrinos by IceCube and  gamma-rays by Tibet AS-gamma show new signal at 100 TeV energies outside of Galactic plane but below 20 degrees from it. This mysterious signal challenge conventional cosmic ray models, which predict major Galactic signal from Galactic plane and no significant flux at high galactic latitudes, as seen at GeV energies by Fermi LAT telescope.

Here we show that main assumption of continues distribution of cosmic rays in Galaxy is broken at PeV energies. 

Theory and observational constraints in nonlocal gravity

I will present selected field theoretical aspects and Bayesian model selection studies in a particular class of modified gravity theories, so-called nonlocal gravity theories. In particular, I will focus on three nonlocal gravity models that have been proposed for explaining the late-time acceleration of the expansion of the universe and have been shown to provide a statistically equivalent fit to LCDM given recent cosmological data.

Primordial Black Holes from Inflation

Abstract:
It is now recognized that primordial black holes (PBHs) may be produced in various models of inflation in the early universe. In this talk, I review several different scenarios of PBH formation from inflation, each of which has rather distinct features. Then I discuss how these models may be observationally tested in the not-so-distant future, particularly by gravitational wave observations.
 

Gravitational lensing for dark matter explorations inside the Milky Way and for cosmological investigations

Abstract. I’ll show the analysis we perform on gravitational microlensing signatures and how we estimate gravitational microlensing parameters to obtain information about several components of the dark matter in our galaxy like free-floating planets, brown dwarfs, primordial black holes, making use of actual and future space-based telescopes: Euclid, THESEUS, Gaia, Roman, etc.

Quantum models à la Gabor for space-time metric

As an extension of Gabor signal processing, the covariant Weyl-Heisenberg integral quantization is implemented to transform  functions on the eight-dimensional  phase space (x,k) into Hilbertian operators. The x=(x^{\mu}) are space-time variables and the k=(k^{\mu}) are their conjugate wave vector-frequency variables. The procedure is first applied to the variables (x,k) and produces canonically conjugate essentially  self-adjoint operators. It is next applied to the metric field g_{\mu\nu}(x) of general relativity and yields regularised  semi-classical phase space portraits of it.

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