The ΛCDM Model accurately reproduces most cosmological observations, including primordial nucleosynthesis, the cosmic microwave background radiation, and baryonic acoustic oscillations. However, standard baryonic matter constitutes only 5% of the total content of the ΛCDM universe, while the dominant components – cold dark matter (≈25%) and dark energy (≈70%) – are yet unobserved.
A peculiarity of the Standard Cosmological Model is that the evolution of the universe goes through different phases of acceleration and deceleration, depending on which component is dominant at a certain epoch. Several authors have noticed that a universe that neither accelerates nor decelerates (“coasting”) fares rather well in explaining many observational data.
Here, I will discuss two such coasting models. The first is the Dirac-Milne universe, where antimatter has a negative gravitational mass and is present in equal amounts as ordinary matter, leading to a gravitationally empty universe at large scales. Simulations have shown that the Dirac-Milne cosmology can reproduce with good accuracy both structure formation  and the MOND phenomenology . However, its current theoretical basis is purely Newtonian, and including GR effects is a challenge.
The second model is a heuristic proposal to interpret the cosmological constant ∧ as an eigenvalue of the gravitational field equations . This simple interpretation entails that the value of ∧ is no longer arbitrary, but determined by the boundary conditions of the system under consideration, leading to a time-dependent ∧ (compatible with current observations) and a coasting expansion. All this is achieved without appealing to any unobserved “new physics” – be it anti-gravity or modifications of GR. Again, this was done in a semi-Newtonian context, and extensions to GR are challenging.
 G. Manfredi, J.-L. Rouet, B. Miller, G. Chardin, Phys. Rev. D 98, 023514 (2018); Phys. Rev. D 102, 103518 (2020).
 G. Chardin, Y. Dubois, G. Manfredi, B. Miller, C. Stahl, A&A 652, A91 (2021).
 G. Manfredi, General Relativ. Gravit. 53, 31 (2021).
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